What Was The Munich Agreement Of 1938

On 5 October, he resigned as President of Czechoslovakia because he realized that the fall of Czechoslovakia was inevitable. After the outbreak of World War II, he formed a Czechoslovakian government in exile in London. On 6 December 1938, The French Foreign Minister, Mr. Bonnet, and the German Foreign Minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, signed the Franco-German non-aggression pact in Paris. [80] [82] On 17 September 1938, Hitler ordered the creation of the German Free Corps of Sudetenland, a paramilitary organization that took over the structure of the dossier group, an ethnic German organization in Czechoslovakia that had been dissolved the day before by the Czechoslovakian authorities because it had involved a large number of terrorist activities. The organization has been protected, trained and equipped by the German authorities and has carried out cross-border terrorist operations on Czechoslovakian territory. Czechoslovakian President Edvard Beneé [33] and the government-in-exile[34] considered September 17, 1938, to be the beginning of the undeclared German-Czechoslovak war. This view has also been taken up by the current Czech Constitutional Court. [35] In the days that followed, more than 100 soldiers were killed, hundreds wounded and more than 2,000 abducted in Germany. The Munich Pact was an agreement reached on 29 September 1938 in Munich between Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy on the abandonment of the territory to Germany. The above statement and the formal act of recognition have guided Her Majesty`s Government`s policy towards Czechoslovakia, but to avoid possible misunderstandings, I would like to state, on behalf of Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom, that Germany deliberately destroyed the 1938 agreements on Czechoslovakia, in which Her Majesty`s government participated in the United Kingdom. , Her Majesty`s government is free of any obligation in this regard.

In the final colonization of the Czechoslovakian borders, which must be reached at the end of the war, they are not influenced by the changes that have taken place since 1938. In 1938, the situation in China seemed hopeless. Chiang Kai-shek`s requests for help were welcomed in London, but rejected for fear of Japanese reprisals, particularly against Hong Kong. Under the Munich Agreement, the entire territory, mainly German, was to be returned to Czechoslovakia by 10 October. Poland and Hungary occupied other parts of the country and, after a few months, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and what was left of Slovakia became a German puppet state. During the Second World War, British Prime Minister Churchill, who opposed the agreement when it was signed, decided not to abide by the terms of the post-war agreement and to bring the Sudetenland back to post-war Czechoslovakia. On 5 August 1942, Foreign Minister Anthony Eden sent to Jan Masaryk: after learning that populated territories from Poland were to be transferred to Germany, Poland gave the Czechoslovakian government a note regarding the immediate conclusion of an agreement that Polish territory should undoubtedly be occupied by Polish troops; An agreement on referendums is expected to follow in districts with a large proportion of the Polish population. [75] On September 15, 1938, In the face of high tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovakian government, the heirs secretly proposed giving 6,000 square kilometres to Czechoslovakia to Germany, in exchange for a German accession agreement of 1.5 to 2.0 million South German Germans that would expel Czechoslovakia.

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